Louise Brown, born in July 1978 in England was the world’s first IVF baby. The term “in vitro” comes from the fact that the process of fertilization takes place in a laboratory petri dish rather than in the woman’s body.
IVF treatment is indicated in:
- Women with damaged or blocked Fallopian tubes
- Men who have sperm disorders
- Unsuccessful Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
- Couple who have unexplained infertility
- Women who have Endometriosis
An IVF cycle begins with Ovulation Induction from which Eggs are collected and mixed with a sample of the husband’s sperms. The mixture of eggs and sperms is incubated in a suitable environment in the laboratory. The procedure of egg collection involves a small operation performed under light sedation on an outpatient basis. The operation is virtually painless and the patient can go home approximately four hours later. The eggs fertilize in the laboratory and divide over 2-3 days. The resulting embryos are then gently replaced into the uterus by a simple and painless procedure. If the embryos implant into the lining of the womb, a pregnancy occurs.
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