Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is a specialized form of fertility treatment for severe cases of male-factor infertility. When the husband’s sperms have poor movement( or the count is very low, IVF will not work, as the sperms will not be able to enter the eggs. In these situations, ICSI treatment is the only option. This technique is carried out under a very powerful microscope. By means of a very fine needle, each egg is injected with a single sperm. If fertilization and cleavage occur, the embryos are then replaced into the uterus. It is one the most cost-effective and successful treatments for infertile men.
Do I need ICSI Treatment?
Before a physician of Conceive Gynecology and Fertility Hospital can recommend ICSI, a thorough evaluation of male infertility is necessary. This is done through a detailed is history, examination and semen analysis.
Circumstances in which ICSI Treatment may be suitable include:
- Men with low sperm count
- Men with abnormal sperm in terms of genetics, shape, size and motility
- Previously failed IVF because of lack of fertilization.
- Men who have undergone vasectomies that cannot be reversed. In this case the sperm is harvested through PESA or TeSA.
- Men with erectile dysfunction and/or problems with ejaculation
ICSI has revolutionized the treatment of infertility and helped couples that had absolutely no hope of becoming parents.
ICSI add-on: Advanced Sperm selection in the laboratory (PICSI)
During ICSI, the sperm selected should have perfect morphology (shape), good motility (mobility) as well as be mature and functional. A PICSI dish is a technique, which has ensured that only the very best sperm are selected. The PICSI dish involves using a substance called hyaluronic hydrogel, which mimics the binding surface of an egg. Only the functionally competent sperms bind to this and from these sperms, the ones to be used for ICSI are selected.
This post is also available in: Arabic